Masjed-e Shah


30 June 2017

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Masjed-e Shah

One of the most important places within Naqsh-e Jahan Square is The Masjed-e Shah, also called as Masjed-e Jadid-e Abbasi, Royal Mosque, or even Imam Mosque . it stands in the south side of Naghsh-e Jahan Square. It is considered as one of the masterpieces of Persian architecture in the Islamic era This mosque is used to replace the much older Jameh Mosque in conducting the Friday prayers. To attain this, the Shah Mosque was made not only with vision of grandeur, having the largest dome within the city, but Shaykh Bahai also planned the construction of a religious school and a winter-mosque clamped at either side of it.

The mosque is roofed with mosaics. These mosaics decorate the walls with their seven colors in which the turquoise blue is more predominant. Its dome is one of the largest ones inside the city which measures up to 52 meters. This is a two-layered dome, with the inner cover separated from the outer one by 12 meters. Iwans, or vaulted spaces, are often seen in places such as this. However, the format used in the construction used a four-iwan format making this place more distinguished and important than other exterior ones. Though portals are usually cast in shadows, people passing through the portals to the mosque will see that the portals bask in a blue glow. Entering the holy place, one is greeted by fresco-clad doors. The doors are covered with layers of gold and silver. It is covered with calligraphy about God and Shah Abbas I. Inscriptions can also be seen in the tiles of the entrance, white against an ultramarine background.

The Shah Mosque is not the only attraction of the Naghsh-e Jahan Square. On the eastern side of the square is Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque and across it is the Ali Qapu Palace. The Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque is unique in that in the center of its dome is a peacock, and through the hole in the ceiling, the sunrays become the peacocks tails. Ali Qapu Palace, on the other hand, has a distinctive front terrace as wide as the palace itself. The palace, once used as a place to greet and entertain nobles and foreign ambassadors, is a large rectangular building, which is six floors high.

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